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Antique 16ft Victorian Pollard Oak DiningTable 19th Century

Antique 16ft  Victorian Pollard Oak DiningTable 19th Century | Ref. no. 09166 | Regent Antiques Sold
Ref:09166

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There is no mistaking the style and design of this exquisite Victorian pollard oak and black line inlaid extending dining table, circa 1870 in date. 

This stunning table has four leaves which can be added or removed as required to suit the occasion by a special wind out mechanism and can comfortably seat sixteen.

The rounded rectangular top, skirt, twin bases and central column have been hand-crafted from solid oak and the top and skirt  has been veneered in beautiful Pollard oak, which is seen in the intricate burr on the table top decorated simply with an elegant pair of inlaid ebonised black lines around the border.

The table rests on a pair of heavy turned and carved trestle bases each with a pair of decorative ring turned columns with dental collars the bases resting on recessed brass and porcelain castors. The table has a matching central column for extra stability when fully extended.

Whatever the function of this gorgeous table, it will make a profound impression on your guests and will receive the maximum amount of attention wherever it is placed.

 
Condition:

In excellent condition having been beautifully restored in our workshops, please see photos for confirmation.

 

Dimensions in cm:

Height 80 x Width 494 x Depth 148 - Fully Extended

Height 80 x Width 182 x Depth 148 - Leaves Removed

Dimensions in inches:

Height 2 feet, 7 inches x Width 16 feet, 2 inches x Depth 4 feet, 10 inches - Fully Extended

Height 2 feet, 7 inches x Width 6 feet x Depth 4 feet, 10 inches - Leaves Removed

Pollard Oak
Pollarding is a pruning system in which the upper branches of a tree are removed, promoting a dense head of foliage and branches. It has been common in Europe since medieval times and is practised today in urban areas worldwide, primarily to maintain trees at a predetermined height. The bole of the tree, constantly cut back over a period of years, will eventually form a lump, or ‘burr’, which when sawn for veneer, gives a lovely grained, swirling figure.
The effect is similar to that of burr walnut with its distinctive speckled grain. Burrs, or ‘burls’, are growths which appear on the side of tree trunks, resulting from a tree undergoing some form of stress. They may be caused by an injury, virus or fungus.
During the 19th century great strides were made in the mechanisation of cabinet making. Marc Isambard Brunel [ Isambard Kingdom’s father] built the first steam driven saw mill, and invented a circular saw that could be used to cut veneers thinly and evenly for the first time. He also developed the first hydraulic veneer press. The figured wood cut from burrs and pollards is notoriously difficult to cut and lay: the wild grain which makes it so attractive results in a very delicate, brittle veneer. The new machines enabled the Victorian craftsmen to make the most of these beautiful timbers.


Winding Mechanism for extending tables
A man by the name of Samuel Hawkins applied for a patent on a screw expander on June 6th, 1861. Presumably, Mr. Hawkins either died or retired because his business was taken over by a young machinist named Joseph Fitter  in 1864.
Joseph Fitter operated a machinist shop where he produced winding mechanisms for extending tables as well as screw expanders for piano stools and other applications at 210 Cheapside, Birmingham England by the name of Britannia Works.
 

 

Angelica Kauffman, RA (1741 - 1807)

was a Swiss-born Austrian Neoclassical painter who had a successful career in London and Rome. Though born as "Kauffmann", Kauffman is the preferred spelling of her name in English; it is the form she herself used most in signing her correspondence, documents and paintings.

While Kauffman produced many types of art, she identified herself primarily as a history painter, an unusual designation for a woman artist in the 18th century. History painting, was considered the most elite and lucrative category in academic painting during this time period. Under the direction of Sir Joshua Reynolds, the Royal Academy made a strong effort to promote history painting to a native audience who were more interested in commissioning and buying portraits and landscapes.

Despite the popularity that Kauffman enjoyed in British society and her success as an artist, she was disappointed by the relative apathy that the British had towards history painting. Ultimately she left Britain for the continent, where history painting was better established, held in higher esteem and patronized.

The works of Angelica Kauffman have retained their reputation. By 1911, rooms decorated with her work were still to be seen in various quarters. At Hampton Court was a portrait of the duchess of Brunswick; in the National Portrait Gallery, a self-portrait. There were other pictures by her at Paris, at Dresden, in the Hermitage at St Petersburg, in the Alte Pinakothek atMunich, in Kadriorg Palace, Tallinn (Estonia).

Satinwood

is a hard and durable wood with a satinlike sheen, much used in cabinetmaking, especially in marquetry. It comes from two tropical trees of the family Rutaceae (rue family). East Indian or Ceylon satinwood is the yellowish or dark-brown heartwood of Chloroxylon swietenia.

The lustrous, fine-grained, usually figured wood is used for furniture, cabinetwork, veneers, and backs of brushes. West Indian satinwood, sometimes called yellow wood, is considered superior. It is the golden yellow, lustrous, even-grained wood found in the Florida Keys and the West Indies.

It has long been valued for furniture. It is also used for musical instruments, veneers, and other purposes. Satinwood is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Rutaceae.

Our reference: 09166