This is an exquisite antique large English George III sterling silver condiment cruet set with hallmarks for London 1800 and the makers mark of the renowned silversmith Paul Storr.
This rare complete set is in superb condition and features eight exquisite cut glass bottles for oil, vinegar, salt, pepper, mustard, etc.. The oil and vinegar bottles have delightful silver handles and mounts, and the silver mount on each bottle has a full set of hallmarks.
The silver frame bears a coat of arms:
The Arms of the Family of Pedley
The armorial bearings as engraved upon this George III English Sterling Silver Cruet Set by Paul Storr hallmarked London 1800 are those of the family of Pedley. They may be blazoned as follows:
Arms: Sable three lozenges argent on a chief or as many fleur-delis gules
Crest: A demi-lion rampant argent holding in the paws a lozenge or charged with a fleur-de-lis gules
From an evidential point of view given the date of manufacture of this cruet set it was undoubtedly in the possession of Stanhope Pedley1 (baptised 26th May 1736 buried 11th July 18022), of Tetworth Hall in the County of Huntingdonshire. The Pedley family first took possession of Tetworth Hall and its surrounding estate when it was purchased from Sir Oliver Williams alias Cromwell3 by Sir Nicholas Pedley4 in 1648.
1 Some authorities name him as John Stanhope Pedley.
2 His will was proved on the 16th July 1802.
3 Sir Oliver was the uncle of the Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell.
4 Sir Nicholas sat in the House of Commons for various Huntingdonshire seats between 1656 to 1679 and was a member of Lincoln’s Inn having been called to the Bar in 1646. He was later appointed the Recorder of Huntingdon and a Serjeant-at-Law in 1675. He was knighted in 1672.
Tetworth Hall was to remain the family seat of the Pedley until the death of Mary Pedley (born 1747 buried 12th November 18275), Mary was Stanhope’s sister to whom he left the Tetworth Hall estate upon his death in 1802. Stanhope and Mary’s parents were John Pedley and Judith Stanhope. Upon Mary’s death, the estate was bequeathed to one of her Foley cousins. Both Stanhope and Mary are buried along with their sister Catherine (died 1796) in the nave of the Parish Church of St Mary, Everton cum Tetworth6.
The armorial bearings of the family of Pedley appear to have been recorded by Sir William Segar, Garter King of Arms for James Pedley, of Abbotsley in the County of Huntingdonshire sometime during his reign as Garter (1607 – 33) which Sir Nicholas Pedley displayed at the Heralds’ Visitation for the County of Huntingdon for 1684 before Sir Henry St George, Clarenceux King of Arms, upon a vellum certificate which exemplified a painting of the arms and crest as depicted and blazoned above signed by Sir William when recording his family’s pedigree at the 1684 visitation7. So, saying, the correcting editors of The Harleian Society’s volume on the Heralds’ Visitation of Huntingdon (see footnote7) state that given James was either Sir Nicholas’s uncle or great uncle, Sir Nicholas would not have been within the limitation of the original grant. As there appears to be no extended limitation granted to Sir Nicholas at the time of this visitation it would seem that Sir Nicholas’s branch of the family which included his great grandson, Stanhope, the presumed owner of this cruet set bore these armorial bearings without authority.
5 Mary’s will was proved on 24th November 1827.
6 This ecclesiastical parish straddles the county boundary of Huntingdonshire and Bedfordshire.
7 The Visitation of the County of Huntingdon 1684 made Sir Henry St George, Clarenceux King of Arms. Transcribed and edited by John Bedells, Howard Pursuivant Extraordinary. Corrected by The Hon. Janet Grant and Thomas Woodcock, Norroy and Ulster King of Arms. The Harleian Society, London 1994. Corrected edition 2000.
In really excellent condition with clear hallmarks and no dings, dents or signs of repair.
Please see photos for confirmation.
Dimensions in cm:
Height 30 x Width 40 x Depth 20
Weight 38 troy oz - Silver frame
Dimensions in inches:
Height 1 foot x Width 1 foot, 4 inches x Depth 8 inches
Weight 1.18 kg - Silver frame
Our reference: 09101